By E. Shashi Menon
Transmission Pipeline Calculations and Simulations Manual is a necessary time- and money-saving device to quick pinpoint the basic formulae, equations, and calculations wanted for transmission pipeline routing and building judgements. The manual’s three-part remedy starts off with gasoline and petroleum facts tables, through self-contained chapters touching on purposes. Case reports on the finish of every bankruptcy offer functional event for challenge fixing. themes during this publication contain strain and temperature profile of average gasoline pipelines, easy methods to measurement pipelines for targeted stream price and strain obstacles, and calculating the destinations and HP of compressor stations and pumping stations on lengthy distance pipelines.
- Case reports are in keeping with the author’s own box reviews
- Component to process point coverage
- Save money and time designing pipe routes well
- Design and make certain piping platforms ahead of going to the field
- Increase layout accuracy and platforms effectiveness
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Additional info for Transmission pipeline calculations and simulations manual
What is the speciﬁc gravity at 50 F? 3) as S50 ¼ 0:736 À 0:0007ð50À 60Þ ¼ 0:743 E. 815 at 70 F, in equal volumes. What will be the speciﬁc gravity of the blended mixture? Common sense suggests that, because equal volumes are used, the resultant mixture should have a speciﬁc gravity of the average of the two liquids or ð0:895 þ 0:815Þ=2 ¼ 0:855 This is indeed the case, because speciﬁc gravity of a liquid is simply related to the mass and the volume of each liquid. When two or more liquids are mixed homogenously, the resultant liquid speciﬁc gravity can be calculated using weighted average method.
26), with some rearrangement. À Bulk modulus ¼ change in pressure= change in volume=volumeÞ Therefore 250;000 ¼ change in pressure=ð0:01Þ Therefore change in pressure ¼ 2500 psi It can be seen that a fairly large pressure is required to produce a very small (1%) change in the liquid volume. Hence we say that liquids are fairly incompressible. Bulk modulus is used in line pack calculations and transient ﬂow analysis. There are two bulk modulus values used in practice: isothermal and adiabatic. The bulk modulus of a liquid depends on temperature, pressure, and speciﬁc gravity.
895. 4), we get the blended liquid speciﬁc gravity as Sb ¼ ð15 Â 0:815 þ 20 Â 0:850 þ 65 Â 0:895Þ=100 ¼ 0:874 5. VISCOSITY Viscosity is a measure of sliding friction between successive layers of a liquid that ﬂows in a pipeline. Imagine several layers of liquid that constitute a ﬂow between two ﬁxed parallel horizontal plates. A thin layer adjacent to the bottom plate will be at rest or zero velocity. Each subsequent layer above this will have a different velocity compared to the layer below. This variation in the velocity of the liquid layers results in a velocity gradient.
Transmission pipeline calculations and simulations manual by E. Shashi Menon