By Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen, Miriam Taverniers, Louise J. Ravelli
This quantity taking a look at grammatical metaphor covers such issues as: integrating concept and perform in an figuring out of grammatical metaphor, nominalization as grammatical metaphor and ambiguity in grammatical metaphor.
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Additional resources for Grammatical Metaphor: Views from Systemic Functional Linguistics
The notion of 'translating' between the spoken and written modes is, in one way, a useful starting point, because it is in understanding the different and complementary natures of the two modes that students begin to grasp what it is that is required of them in academic or other contexts (see, for example, Halliday 1985 on some of the differences between spoken and written language). However, the notion of 'translation' is an inappropriate metaphor; it suggests a simple process of transference, an exact relationship, and as is common knowledge from experience of translation between languages, there is never such a thing as exact transference.
In the studies of metaphor and incongruency which we have considered, the possibility of incorporating grammatical metaphor in system networks has been approached in different ways. In one type of approach, the feature of congruence is directly indicated in the options in a system network. This is exemplified in Fawcett's (1980) 'congruence network', where congruent and incongruent options are represented as systemic features within a system, the congruent ones being indicated by an asterisk. Although in his early description of Chinese, Halliday (1976/1956) did not yet use the system network as a formal representation, whenever different types of expressions are possible for the same 30 MIRIAM TAVERNIERS basic form, they are assigned a probability value, which indicates whether they are congruent or not within the set of possibilities.
1996) On grammar and grammatics. ) Functional Descriptions. Theory in practice. ) Amsterdam: Benjamins. 1-38. Labov, William (1969) Contraction, deletion, and inherent variation of the English copula. Language 45: 715-762. Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1966) The Savage Mind. London: Weidenfeid & Nicolson. Translation of French original: La pensée sauvage, Paris: Plon, 1962. R. (1992) English Text: System and structure. Amsterdam: Benjamins. Ravelli, Louise (1985) Metaphor, Mode and Complexity: An exploration of co-varying patterns.
Grammatical Metaphor: Views from Systemic Functional Linguistics by Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen, Miriam Taverniers, Louise J. Ravelli