By R. K. Sinclair
This e-book is anxious with the general public points of the lifetime of Athenian voters within the interval from c. 450 to 322 BC. Its vital objective is a serious evaluation of the nature and quantity of electorate' participation within the working of the democracy. Professor Sinclair's research is made of the viewpoint of the person citizen--his privileges and possibilities, his duties, the rewards and the hazards of exploiting the possibilities to be had to him.
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Extra resources for Democracy and Participation in Athens
46 There were, then, some age limitations applied to those who aspired to leadership in Athens by holding official positions in the polis. But these were presumably derived in particular from an expectation that military service would devolve most on men in their twenties. The limitations were hardly severe and did not seriously impinge on the notion of equal right to hold office. 50 Though we should not be too ready to assume that large numbers of citizens availed themselves of the right, isegoria was practised in the Ekklesia throughout our period.
For example, most of the Samians and the Akarnanian Phormion mentioned in Osborne Di6 (Tod 178): see n. 13 and n. n . 2 Citizens, metics and slaves What were the distinguishing marks of a citizen in Athens? Was it easy to tell whether a man was a citizen, a foreigner or a slave? Unlike Sparta, if we are to believe an oligarch of c. 20 The economic and social situation in Athens, as the writer went on to explain, made for a less rigid control over slaves, and they are found working beside free men in activities ranging from small manufacturing enterprises to the building of temples.
After 322 there were democratic interludes, but the continuance of democracy was patently and directly dependent on the play of external forces and even in those periods the determination of affairs seems largely to have been in the hands of the well-to-do. In many aspects of Athenian public life the same broad features and tendencies may be discerned throughout the period from c. 450 to 322, and this 'period' will therefore be encompassed in our examination of Athenian democracy. 81 Indeed, differences within each of these two periods, combined with problems arising from the character and the unevenness of the surviving evidence, provide grounds for a division into several periods within our span of about 130 years.
Democracy and Participation in Athens by R. K. Sinclair