By Elizabeth Pascal
In Russia, as in different new federations and people present process constitutional reform, filthy rich and politically cohesive areas can considerably adjust the foundations of intergovernmental family members to their gain in the context of bilateral bargaining. the result is institutionalized asymmetry, and in all probability volatile federal buildings. during this publication the writer explores the function of center-periphery bargaining within the balance and sustainability of post-Soviet Union Russia.
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Extra info for Defining Russian Federalism
Within this institutional context, there is no clear hierarchy among multilateral agreements, legislation, bilateral treaties, and inter-regional agreements; only the constitution clearly stands above them. With hundreds of laws necessary to implement and clarify its statutes, the 1993 Constitution provides only the broad outlines of federal relations. S. Constitution is one of the briefest documents of its kind—it is more problematic in a federation with far-reaching areas of joint jurisdiction.
Managers of these enterprises might sit on central ministerial committees, giving them occasions to lobby directly for their interests. Yet if enterprise managers in centralized sectors did not have committee appointments, they remained at the center’s mercy since they lacked the protection of regional elites who might advance the interests of the enterprise. Regional leaders tended instead to act as intermediaries for locally subordinated enterprises since subnational elites shouldered more responsibility for them.
As a compromise, Moscow offered to transfer to republican control all economic enterprises other than those crucial to the Union government such as energy and defense industries. In addition, they agreed to raise tax-sharing rates, and increase expenditure responsibilities under self-ﬁnancing (samo-ﬁnansirovanie) arrangements (Remington 1989). In 1990, in an effort to halt the complete disintegration of the country, Gorbachev put forth a draft of a new Union Treaty. In this document, the Soviet Union was renamed the “Union of The Roots of Fiscal Authority Relations 29 Sovereign Soviet Republics” and Article 1 stated that, “Membership of a republic to the union is voluntary” (Henderson 1991).
Defining Russian Federalism by Elizabeth Pascal