By Dante Alighieri
De vulgari eloquentia, written by means of Dante within the early years of the fourteenth century, is the single identified paintings of medieval literary idea to were produced via a training poet, and the 1st to claim the intrinsic superiority of dwelling, vernacular languages over Latin.
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Additional info for De Vulgari Eloquentia (Cambridge Medieval Classics)
57 Only 'Come, yoiTbutchers! Come, you traitors! ' But I should rather return to my subject than waste words like this. So I say that, if by Sicilian vernacular we mean what is spoken by the average inhabitants of the island - and they should clearly be our standard of comparison - then this is far from worthy of the honour of heading the list, because it cannot be pronounced without a certain drawl, as in this case: 30 7 De vulgar! eloquentia Apuli quoque vel sui acerbitate vel finitimorum suorum contiguitate, qui Romani et Marchiani sunt, turpiter barbarizant: dicunt enim Bdherachechiangesseloquatraro.
8 Sed quamvis terrigene Apuli loquantur obscene comuniter, prefulgentes eorum quidam polite locuti sunt, vocabula curialiora in suis cantionibus compilantes, ut manifeste apparet eorum dicta perspicientibus, ut puta Madonna, dir vi voglio, et Perflno amove vo si letamente. 9 Quapropter superiora notantibus innotescere debet nee siculum nee apulum esse illud quod in Ytalia pulcerrimum est vulgare, cum eloquentes indigenas ostenderimus a proprio divertisse. XIII Post hec veniamus ad Tuscos, qui propter amentiam suam infroniti titulum sibi vulgaris illustris arrogare videntur.
Non etenim ammiramur si extimationes hominum qui parum distant a brutis putant eandem civitatem sub invariabili semper civicasse sermone, cum sermonis variatio civitatis eiusdem non sine longissima temporum successione paulatim contingat, et hominum vita sit etiam, ipsa sua natura, brevissima. Si ergo per eandem gentem sermo variatur, ut dictum est, successive per tempora, nee stare ullo modo potest, necesse est ut disiunctim abmotimque morantibus varie varietur, ceu varie variantur mores et habitus, qui nee natura nee consortio confirmantur, sed humanis beneplacitis localique congruitate nascuntur.
De Vulgari Eloquentia (Cambridge Medieval Classics) by Dante Alighieri