By Heger, P.
Conflicting principles of the right kind systems of the Temple cult, whose importance demanded absolute exactitude and uniformity, precluded universal public rituals and created the schism
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Extra info for Cult as the Catalyst for Division: Cult Disputes as the Motive for Schism in the Pre-70 Pluralistic Environment (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
335–50. See also J. Blenkinsopp, 1990, who postulates the existence of powerful disputes in that period in Judean society, giving rise to the creation of a sectarian environment. I do not agree with his proposition about the nature of the 22 chapter one great number of issues, civil matters as well as the preeminence of the sacriÀcial cult; the latter issues were manifested in disparate attitudes toward the rebuilding of the Temple,14 the offering of sacriÀces and the extension of decrees and prohibitions regarding the Sabbath.
Yoxezer himself already disputes on the issue of laying of hands? ” 36 chapter one dispute among the Sages. How did such a controversy arise? 65—that is, after an extensive period during which the three yearly festivals were observed. There must therefore have been some tradition in place to guide them; tradition was an extremely signiÀcant factor in the Judean legal process, and therefore would not have been overlooked by the Sages. I. H. Weiss,66 in fact, assumes that the priests were well-versed in all the relevant issues with respect to the sacriÀcial celebrations, and wonders about the motive behind this dispute.
A critical scrutiny of scriptural narratives on this period reveals the signiÀcance of the cult artifacts, and leads us to deduce a constant striving for control of these artifacts for political and economic advantage. I will set out one example in detail that may be taken as a model for similar events. The biblical narratives regarding the Ark, the most prominent artifact of the early period, clearly suggest its importance; and, as is evident in Scripture, the changes in its control were unquestionably achieved at times by armed struggle.
Cult as the Catalyst for Division: Cult Disputes as the Motive for Schism in the Pre-70 Pluralistic Environment (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah) by Heger, P.