By Ad Foolen, Frederike van der Leek
This quantity includes chosen papers from the fifth ICLC, Amsterdam 1997. The papers current cognitive analyses of quite a few buildings, in a number of languages together with English, German, Dutch and varnish. along with analyses of "objective construal", it displays curiosity in subjectivity.
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Extra info for Constructions in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected Papers from the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997
At the same time, the main orientation axes ('up/down' and 'front/back') are not expressed by prepositions, but by nouns (which I will call 'direction nouns'). The direction nouns with prepositions, so that the two subsystems often interact closely. The third subsystem which contributes to constructing spatial similar to Smith's 'two-way' prepositions, in that the nouns following them can be marked with two different case endings, and that each choice of case results in a different spatial interpretation of the whole expression (cf.
I) The 'metapragmatic * use of metacommunicative conditionals Alongside the stereotypical formula if I may say so in (39b), we find many other metapragmatic references to the appropriateness or distance may be too great for the speaker in a lower hierarchical position to perform a blunt speech act of evaluation, and therefore he must 'preface' his evaluation by means of a softening metapragmatic cajoler, as in (40): inappropri (40) Good gracious me, sir, if I may make so bold - it's a bit shocking, isn't it?
In (45) the use of any is the only possibility because the non-assertive suggestion is that there might not be a single bird left. In addition to these two possibilities of the metacommunicative conditional, its non-assertive use seems to be the only possibility in the elliptic formulaic expression if any, as in (46): (46) a. Secondly, we must pool and ration our supplies of food, if any. [LOB:64] b. The change, if any, in foreign policy will consist rather of a freshness of approach. [LOB:98] The elliptical use of if any in these two examples relates to the non-affirmed existence of the referents of the noun phrases supplies of food in (46a), and change in (46b).
Constructions in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected Papers from the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997 by Ad Foolen, Frederike van der Leek