By Natalie Operstein
This monograph proposes a brand new interpretation of the intrasegmental constitution of consonants and gives the 1st systematic intra- and cross-linguistic examine of consonant prevocalization. The proposed version represents consonants as inherently bigestural and makes robust predictions which are immediately proper to phonological idea at either the diachronic and synchronic degrees, and in addition to the phonetics of articulatory evolution. It additionally basically demonstrates extensive generalization of the idea of consonant prevocalization presents a uniform account for plenty of famous approaches often thought of self sustaining – from asynchronous palatalization in Polish to intrusive [r] in nonrhotic English, to vowel epentheses in Avestan, and to pre-/s/ vowel prothesis in Welsh. Consonant prevocalization has now not performed an important function within the improvement of recent phonological idea so far, and this paintings is the 1st to spotlight its wide theoretical importance. It develops vital theoretical insights, with a wealth of helping information and a wealthy bibliography. doubtless, this publication can be of serious curiosity to phonologists, phoneticians, typologists, and historic linguists.
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Extra info for Consonant Structure and Prevocalization
First, underlying word-final sequences of diphthong plus sonorant develop an epenthetic schwa. 13). (13) Underlying form /aw/ /fawns/ /a/ /a\s/ Surface form Gloss [Áfawnәs] ‘fauns’ [ajns] ‘years’ Second, underlying sequences of the type /VjCs/ are simplified on the surface to [Vjs]. As shown in (14), similar phonetic sequences arising from CP are not affected (Mascaró 1985: 140f). (14) Underlying form /VjCs/ /ÁvujtÁsens/ /VCs/ /a\s/ Surface form [Vjs] [ÁvujÁsens] [VjCs] [ajns] Gloss ‘eight hundred’ ‘years’ Consonant Structure and Prevocalization An additional piece of evidence on the phonology of CP is supplied by Djabugay (Australian).
The degree of openness in vowels is taken care of by means of an aperture node located underneath V-place. The number of the degrees of openness dominated by the aperture node depends on the number of height distinctions in the language. Another feature of the Clements & Hume model relevant to the present discussion is their conception of secondary vocalic features, which are formally represented as a Vocalic node under the C-place node of a consonant. The model is illustrated in Figure 1 through partial representation of /t/, /i/, and /tj/.
At the same time, there is a tendency for the prevowel to be reinterpreted as part of the preceding nucleus, sometimes synchronically and often diachronically. Thus, prepalatalization is described as the source of phonetic falling diphthongs in Sorowahá (Suzuki 1995: 367), while historical phonologies of Greek and French bear witness to transformation of vowel-prevowel combinations into phonemic diphthongs. Subsequent development of the latter may involve monophthongization with a change in the quality of the original vowel, in which case the effects of CP may become indistinguishable from those of umlaut.
Consonant Structure and Prevocalization by Natalie Operstein