By United Nations
This toolkit highlights rising cutting edge strategies, tools and mechanisms that foster the engagement of civil society, the non-public area and electorate commonly in public rules. It goals to help governments, civil society and different suitable stakeholders in having a typical and shared figuring out of civic engagement and the required wisdom and skill to set up, layout, formulate, enforce, evaluation and visual display unit public and socio-economic guidelines and programmes with larger engagement of all stakeholders
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Additional info for Civic engagement in public policies: a toolkit
Equity 1. “Equity” is the concept of idea of fairness or justice in economics, particularly in terms of taxation and welfare economics. Horizontal equity is the idea that people with a similar ability to pay taxes should pay the same or similar amounts. It is related to the concept of “tax neutrality” or the idea that the tax system should not discriminate between similar things or people, or unduly distort behavior. Vertical equity is the idea that people with a greater ability to pay taxes should pay more.
Evaluation has a cost and, therefore, if financial resources were required, they should be included in the budget.
PRO-POOR POLICY ? SOCIAL JUSTICE ? EQUITY ? A. Public Policies 1. A term used to describe the laws, decisions, regulations, etc. of a governmental body. A government's public policy is the set of policies (laws, plans, actions, behaviors) that it chooses . Since governments claim authority and responsibility (to varying degrees) over a large group of individuals , they see fit to establish plans and methods of action that will govern that society. 2. There is a “lack of a consensus definition of public policy”.
Civic engagement in public policies: a toolkit by United Nations