By James Hampshire
James Hampshire explores the politics of immigration in postwar Britain and indicates how rules of race, demography and belonging intertwined to form immigration coverage. it's the first publication to give an explanation for immigration by way of the politics of demographic governance - how states deal with and keep an eye on their populations - and offers a miles wanted historic context to present debates. moreover, the e-book develops new views at the ways that racialized rules motivated politics and policy-making.
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Additional resources for Citizenship and Belonging: Immigration and the Politics of Demographic Governance in Postwar Britain
As we shall see in this and the next chapter, Britishness, understood as belonging to the national community, was a racialized notion: in the minds of British ofﬁcials and the British public at large it entailed whiteness. By conferring a uniform legal status upon a variety of peoples who were perceived to be anything but uniform in their belonging to the British national community, the architects of BNA 1948 had unwittingly created an obstacle to future immigration controls. Not only did they render any future immigration to Britain from its colonies an exercise of legitimate citizenship rights, they simultaneously foreclosed the possibility of controlling any such immigration without primary legislation either superseding the category of CUKC or discriminating between holders of CUKC passports.
As the Kenyatta Government began to persecute them under the guise of an ‘Africanization’ policy, which among other things found them barred from sectors of the economy and sacked from the civil service, those with Citizenship and Belonging: The Development of UK Immigration Policy 35 CUKC status began to ﬂee to Britain. These people were not subject to immigration controls due to the mechanism that had been adopted in 1962. Recall that CIA 1962 had excluded from controls those born in the United Kingdom and those holding a UK passport issued under the authority of the UK government.
76 Among members of the Cabinet there was general agreement about several of Callaghan’s proposals (relating to clandestine entry, the rights of dependent children, and 36 Citizenship and Belonging the medical examination of dependants), but on the proposal directed at CUKCs ‘who did not belong’ opinion was divided. The Commonwealth Secretary, George Thomson, led the opposition, claiming that such a denial would be widely condemned as racial discrimination, was a breach of faith since many Kenyan Asians had been given full citizenship in 1963 without reserve or condition, was contrary to international law, and would be unworkable in practice.
Citizenship and Belonging: Immigration and the Politics of Demographic Governance in Postwar Britain by James Hampshire