By Catherine Adell O'Brien, Antonija Kreso, and Catriona H.M. Jamieson
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Extra info for Cancer Stem Cells and Self-renewal (Article)
2009 19:43:58] page_50 < previous page page_50 next page > Page 50 membrane. Each type of antigen has a corresponding B and T cell. T lymphocytes are in charge of the cellular immunity division of the infantry. They are divided into two major types: the helper-inducer T cells and the cytotoxic-suppresser killer T cells. Helper T cells must be present to help B cells produce antibody. Cytotoxic are regulatory cells. The cytotoxic T cells are the most aggressive fighters in the army. They are able to detect spies: cells that appear normal on the outside but harbor a virus or mutated genes on the inside.
The immune system is at once the smallest and the largest body system. Unlike the organ systems described in the previous chapter, the immune system has no major organs of its own. It is composed of individual microscopic cells and molecules that have widespread access to every nook and cranny of the body. These cells include lymphocytes (white blood cells), phagocytes, and natural killer cells, and these molecules include antibodies, complement, and interferon. These immune elements see approaching objects in terms of black and white, as either bad or good.
Patches of lymphatic tissue are also found in isolated areas in the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and bone marrow. 2009 19:43:40] page_25 < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 Location of lymph nodes in the head ing liquid that escapes from the blood into the body tissues. The lymph nodes are a combination police station and barracks. Round or kidney-shaped, these structures are usually found in groups around the body. You have between 500 and 1,500 lymph nodes that range in size from very tiny to about one inch in diameter.
Cancer Stem Cells and Self-renewal (Article) by Catherine Adell O'Brien, Antonija Kreso, and Catriona H.M. Jamieson