By Martin Albers
This ebook makes a speciality of aiding readers to fill the distance of the little recognized historical past among Western Europe and its most crucial buying and selling associate: the People’s Republic of China. encouraged through the industrial and political signifance of Sino-European family members, this ebook indicates how the China regulations of the 3 largest states of Western Europe – Britain, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany – helped China reintegrate into the foreign neighborhood within the Seventies. opposed to the history of the chilly battle, the tip of Maoism, and the emergence of globalization, the governments in Bonn, Paris and London needed to locate methods of facing Europe’s declining impact and advertise their very own nationwide pursuits in Asia.
in accordance with newly declassified govt documents, readers will locate such resources precious in realizing the argument that, regardless of pursuing very diverse guidelines, the 3 governments supported a swift enlargement of peaceable trade among the People’s Republic and Europe and considerably contributed to the good fortune of Beijing's reform policy.
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Additional info for Britain, France, West Germany and the People's Republic of China, 1969–1982: The European Dimension of China's Great Transition
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 23 At the same time, the position of the Chinese leadership was far from clear. Rhetorically, the rioters in the colony had Mao’s full support as antiimperialist revolutionaries. But economically, the PRC had no interest in a direct takeover or a situation of instability similar to what had happened a few months earlier in Macao. By selling food, water and other goods to the colony, Beijing generated desperately needed export earnings. 65 When being offered the opportunity to take back Macao in January 1967, the Chinese government had in fact refused assuming sovereignty.
13 The de facto alliance between the GMD and Nazi Germany came to a sudden end when Hitler embraced Japan as partner in 1937. But geographic distance meant that the Chinese felt little direct effect of this cooperation other than the sudden withdrawal of Wehrmacht instructors for Chiang’s army. Through the NSDAP member John Rabe, who 16 M. 14 The German presence then came again to a complete end when diplomatic relations were broken off in 1942 and the overwhelming majority of German citizens left shortly thereafter.
Europe’s Ambivalent Past in China To understand Chinese-European relations in the 1970s, it is important to consider what can be termed China’s ‘first encounter with modernity’ in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This past matters in two ways. First of all China’s initial contacts with Britain, France and Germany were in many ways traumatising. 23 Secondly, the European contribution to this traumatising experience was very unevenly shared among the countries studied here. Whereas Britain remained present as an imperial actor until 1997, France had a definite break with its colonial past in 1954 and Germany was forced to fundamentally reconsider its China policy as early as 1919.
Britain, France, West Germany and the People's Republic of China, 1969–1982: The European Dimension of China's Great Transition by Martin Albers