Download e-book for iPad: Bishops and Reform in the English Church, 1520-1559 (Studies by Kenneth Carleton

By Kenneth Carleton

ISBN-10: 0851158161

ISBN-13: 9780851158167

ISBN-10: 1846150299

ISBN-13: 9781846150296

The English bishops performed an important function within the means of Reformation within the 16th century, from the 1st arrival of continental Reformed notion to the digital extinction of the workplace in 1559. This paintings has at its middle the bishops' personal figuring out of the episcopate, drawn from their surviving writings and different modern discussions; any such examine is vital to realizing what turned of the English Church of the center a while and what it was once to develop into below Elizabeth. Carleton examines the interaction among bishop and king, the episcopate within the context of alternative orders, and the social context of the workplace; he reports episcopal task in key components similar to preaching, ordaining, and opposing heresy; and he notes the impression of the types which the bishops themselves manage as beliefs, so much particularly Christ himself because the excellent bishop. The backgrounds of the bishops are set out within the appendix.

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Extra resources for Bishops and Reform in the English Church, 1520-1559 (Studies in Modern British Religious History)

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The gap left by the pope was amply ®lled by the supremacy, which by 1540 was consolidating its position as the source of power both temporal and spiritual. 46r. 46. 3d ± 8/1/1 ± 10:19 ± bb/sh BISHOPS AND REFORM IN THE ENGLISH CHURCH, 1520 ±1559 episcopal of®ce in the sacramental sphere, just as the use of bishops as senior civil servants in the late Middle Ages had led to a secularization of their role within the temporal sphere. The uncertainty over the place of the laity in general, and whether duly authorized laymen could perform non-sacramental episcopal functions such as excommunication was compounded by the position of Cromwell within and above the clerical hierarchy.

The commission dealt also with the question of excommunication, in particular whether God's law allowed the power and authority to excommunicate to those other than bishops and priests. Cranmer ®rmly supported a form of devolved authority which the bishops received from the Crown, not unlike the concept of devolved papal authority found in the later Middle Ages. The principal difference between Cranmer's concept and the late medieval teaching was that for Cranmer, the Church's minister could only excommunicate lawfully when permitted to do so by the civil law, and then only under the circumstances de®ned by that law.

Entry to the ®rst two orders is by admission; the episcopal order is received by consecration. And none shalbe admitted a Deacon, except he be xxi yeres of age at the least. And euery man, which is to be admitted a Priest, shalbe full xxiiii yeres olde. 91 There was a suggestion here that in the distinction between the `admitting' of deacons and priests, and the `consecrating' of bishops, no new order was conferred on the bishop, but that he was a priest set apart for certain special tasks within the Church.

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Bishops and Reform in the English Church, 1520-1559 (Studies in Modern British Religious History) by Kenneth Carleton


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