By Robert Dodaro, George Lawless
Augustine of Hippo (AD 354-430) is arguably the main debatable Christian philosopher in heritage. His positions on philosophical and theological issues were the topics of extreme scrutiny and feedback from his lifetime to the present.
Augustine and his Critics gathers twelve experts' responses to fashionable criticisms of his notion, protecting: own and non secular freedom; the self and God; sexuality, gender and the physique; spirituality; asceticism; cultural reports; and politics.
Stimulating and insightful, the gathering bargains forceful arguments for overlooked old, philosophical and theological views that are at the back of a few of Augustine's such a lot unpopular convictions.
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Additional resources for Augustine and His Critics
59–1) Always, or nearly always let us hear the voice of Christ from thePsalm in such a way that we do not only look upon that head, thatis the one mediator between God and humanity, the man JesusChrist (1 Tim 2:5)… but let us consider Christ as head and body,a human being totally complete. (en. Ps. 2) Applying this comprehensive christological—ecclesiological ‘rule’ to interpret the Psalms, Christ might speak as Son of God, thus as head of the church (ex persona capitis), or as a human being (ex persona hominis/carnis), or the entire human race (ex persona generis humani), or even as his body, the church (ex persona corporis).
Yet in his pastoral writings and, in particular, in his sermons to the faithful, he avoided the relentless polemic witnessed so often in his doctrinal treatises. As a result, his explanations of doctrinal matters in the sermons and other, lesser-known works offer new, more balanced formulations for many of his theological positions. Scholars are only now beginning to tap these works, but are doing so at great AN OVERVIEW OF RECENT RESEARCH 19 profit. 4 Confessions It is understandable that the 1,600th anniversaries of Augustine’s conversion and baptism in 1986/87 witnessed a particularly large number of studies on the Confessions, a number which then fell off during the years following the anniversaries to its usual, though consistently remarkable, level.
As Augustine himself explains, Confessions does not refer only to his sins, but is at the same time a book of praise of God’s great goodness, thus applying both meanings of the Latin word confessio, ‘confession’ and ‘praise’ (retr. 6). Augustine matured into a powerful, self-conscious writer who united naturally given quick intelligence, sharp analytical capacities, extraordinary comprehension and ingenious thinking with a practical personality formed by many deeply felt and reflected experiences of his own, leading to a profound knowledge of the heart and an unsurpassed understanding of the timeless principles of this world rooted in God.
Augustine and His Critics by Robert Dodaro, George Lawless