By Owen Hopkins
Have you questioned what the adaptation is among Gothic and Gothic Revival, or tips on how to distinguish among Baroque and Neoclassical? This advisor makes broad use of photos to spot and clarify the attribute gains of approximately three hundred constructions. the result's a transparent and easy-to-navigate consultant to selecting the main kinds of western structure from the classical age to the current day.
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Additional resources for Architectural Styles: A Visual Guide
Keep, Norwich Castle, Norfolk, begun 1095 Concentric curtain walls Originating in Crusader castles such as the famous Krak des Chevaliers, Syria, concentric castles removed the focus on the keep and allowed a more tactical form of defence. Defensive troops could move around the castle far more easily, while attackers who breached the outer ring would have to counter a second, higher ring before being able to overrun the castle. Krak des Chevaliers, Syria, begun 1140s 51 Renaissance and Mannerism The fourteenth-century poet and classical scholar Petrarch was the ﬁrst to characterize the period following the fall of the Roman Empire as a ‘Dark Age’, marked by a decline in culture and learning.
Bar tracery included such features as crockets, ball ﬂowers, diaper pattern and intricate foliation, and, combined with ﬁgurative sculpture, created a far more ornate architectural effect – which in England is known as the Decorated style. South rose window, Notre Dame, Paris, begun ca. 1258 Reims Cathedral, Marnes, France, begun 1211 35 Gothic and Medieval > Late Gothic Region: Europe, especially Spain, Germany and England Period: Mid fourteenth to ﬁfteenth century Characteristics: Intense ornamentation; Complex vaults; Lanterns; Ogee arch; Spatial unity; Perpendicular The beginnings of the Late Gothic, here encompassing a number of geographical variations of the style, can be traced broadly to about 1300.
Although the ribs of Brunelleschi’s dome gave it a slightly Gothic appear– ance, in spirit, ambition and overt emulation of antiquity, it was wholly a product of the Renaissance. Brunelleschi looked to the Ancients in other ways too. In an arcade at the Ospedale degli Innocenti (Foundling Hospital) in Florence, begun in 1421, he deployed a distinctly classical language of slender Corinthian columns with pedimented windows above corresponding to the arched openings; spandrel medallions by Andrea della Robbia depicted the foundlings.
Architectural Styles: A Visual Guide by Owen Hopkins