By Neil Smith
An American Empire, developed during the last century, some time past overtook ecu colonialism, and it's been broadly assumed that the hot globalism it espoused took us "beyond geography." Neil Smith debunks that assumption, providing an incisive argument that American globalism had a unique geography and was once pieced jointly as a part of a strong geographical imaginative and prescient. the facility of geography didn't die with the twilight of eu colonialism, however it did swap essentially. That the inauguration of the yankee Century introduced a lack of public geographical sensibility within the usa used to be itself a political symptom of the rising empire. This booklet presents an important geographical-historical context for knowing the ability and boundaries of latest globalization, that may now be noticeable as representing the 3rd of 3 detailed old moments of U.S. worldwide ambition.The tale unfolds via a decisive account of the occupation of Isaiah Bowman (1878-1950), the main well-known American geographer of the 20 th century. for almost 4 many years Bowman operated round the vortex of nation energy, operating to convey an American order to the worldwide panorama. An explorer at the well-known Machu Picchu day trip of 1911 who got here to be recognized first as "Woodrow Wilson's geographer," and later as Frankin D. Roosevelt's, Bowman was once current on the construction of U.S. liberal overseas coverage. A quarter-century later, Bowman was once on the heart of Roosevelt's kingdom division, fascinated by the disposition of Germany and heightened U.S. entry to eu colonies; he used to be defined via Dean Acheson as a key "architect of the United Nations." In that interval he used to be a pace-setter in American technological know-how, served as president of Johns Hopkins college, and have become an early and vociferous chilly warrior. a sophisticated, contradictory, and every now and then arguable determine who was once a great deal within the public eye, he seemed at the disguise of Time journal. Bowman's occupation as a geographer in an period whilst the price of geography used to be deeply puzzled presents a distinct window into the contradictory makes use of of geographical wisdom within the building of the yankee Empire. Smith's historic excavation finds, in vast strokes but with vigorous aspect, that brand new American-inspired globalization springs no longer from the Eighties yet from past moments in 1919 and 1945, either one of which led to failure. through recharting the geography of this background, Smith brings the politics--and the limits--of modern globalization sharply into concentration.
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Additional info for American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization
Capital and culture seemed assured. However truncated and transformed by anticolonial struggles and the cold war, it was this American globalism that ﬂowered after 1945. But that era too was short-lived. S. power facing stringent global competition (political as well as economic), scholars began to perceive the closure or at least a shortening of the American Century. Outmaneuvered in Vietnam and Nicaragua and held hostage in Iran, the United States also suffered serious economic decline. S. S.
Hegemony is simultaneously a victory over geography—Dong Dang, Danzig, wherever. Luce was telling Americans that they could put themselves back into the world without necessarily learning much about it. The triviality of geography that Luce labored to convey in 1941 successive generations took for granted, and he hammered the point home: “If we cannot state war aims in terms of vastly distant geography, . . S. power. Possessing this new global power, he sensed, meant not having to care about the world’s geography.
The self-congratulatory geography of this capitalist revolution was global, and its language, utopian. Francis Fukuyama proclaimed the “end of history,” while Margaret Thatcher insisted “there is no alternative” to global capitalism. Capitalism, Western democracy, and Hollywood had won. Not just the end of history but also the end of geography seemed to follow from the new world order. 7 The rise of new ﬁnancial markets and their virtually instantaneous technological accessibility rendered space, place, and borders superﬂuous.
American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization by Neil Smith