By J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz
J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz compares the personalities and the respective careers of 2 of the best of the early Christian Fathers, Ambrose and John Chrysostom. whereas the statesmanlike Ambrose ended his existence as a pillar of the Western institution, Chrysostom, the outspoken idealist, died in exile. although, their perspectives and beliefs have been remarakably comparable: either bishops have been fascinated with the social position of the Church, either have been decided rivals of what they known as the Arian heresy, and every attracted a committed following between his city congregation. This similarity, Liebeschuetz argues, was once due to not the impact of 1 at the different, yet was once a outcome in their participation in a Christian tradition which spanned the divide among the japanese (later Byzantine) and Western elements of the Roman Empire. The monastic circulate figures during the publication as an incredible impact on either males and as probably the main dynamic improvement within the Christian tradition of the fourth century.
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Extra resources for Ambrose and John Chrysostom: Clerics between Desert and Empire
84 K de Brabander, Le Retour au paradis: une e´tude sur la relation entre la sanctification de l’homme et l’asce`se sexuelle chez Tertullien (Rome, 2004), 155–7. 85 2 Cor. 11: 2; Eph. 5: 22. Hermas, Vis. 1. 86 Tertullian, Exh. cast. 13; Res. carn. 61. 87 Cyprian, Hab. virg. 20. 88 Tertullian, Ad ux. 4; De cast. 4. 89 Tertullian, Virg. vel. 10; De cast. 3–4. 28 Background and Forerunners community. 91 Girls who remained virgins were held in high honour. 200–58). But it seems that there was not at that time a public ceremony at which young girls dedicated themselves to virginity and the service of God.
Markus, The End of Ancient Christianity (Cambridge, 1990), 63–73. 36 Background and Forerunners steadfastness, and the readiness to die for one’s faith. 122 They did not have to look far. All that was needed was to try to realize in their lives the commandments of the New Testament in their full literal sense. In this, some went further than others. Early asceticism took many forms. Rules and institutionalization came gradually. When martyrdom was no longer an option for those who aimed high, the life of a monk, the hardships of ‘the desert’, could be an attractive substitute.
The Classical Roots of Christian Asceticism 31 in the Christian world picture. Demons are filled with an irrational hatred of mankind. It is they who cause disease. It is demons who turn men away from God by presenting themselves as deities. Candidates for baptism are warned to be ever on their guard against the wiles of demons trying to subvert them. They are in fact being mobilized to be soldiers in a never-ending struggle between good and evil. Soldiers have always had to submit to strict discipline.
Ambrose and John Chrysostom: Clerics between Desert and Empire by J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz