By Martina Häcker
This learn provides a entire syntactic and semantic research of a geographically balanced corpus of written and spoken texts, in modern Scots (including the author's personal box recordings), amply illustrated with examples, therefore creating a significant contribution to the sphere of English dialect grammar.
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Extra info for Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study
E. types (i), (ii) and (iv) are of interest to the present study. As for type (i), the formal identity of adverbial clauses and complement clauses is fairly unproblematic, as the different syntactic status of each clause type as either obligatory or optional can be used as a test. The omission of the clause introduced by the respective lexical item will result in ungrammaticality in the case of complementisers and interrogative pronouns, but not in the case of adverbial subordinators. Type (ii) involves two different types of optional clauses.
Enumerations are borderline cases, as the mere fact that they are part of a list suggests a close relationship with the other members of the same list, but in the case of full finite clauses there is no overt marking to signal such a close relationship on the structural level. Should evidence such as that presented by Wackernagel-Jolles be taken as an indication for the non-existence in speech of a grammatical unit corresponding to the orthographic sentence? Miller (1995: 133) argues strongly in favour of such a view.
That even in a much larger corpus differences of a fraction of a percent, which computer statistics could supply, would be irrelevant. The approach to the description of the data was guided by the following requirements: (i) It had to be able to deal with a semantically and structurally heterogeneous grammatical category, (ii) It had to be applicable to Scots as well as English, (iii) It had to be suitable for written as well as spoken material. The categories established in the analysis are illustrated by examples from the database, followed by Standard English glosses in inverted commas, as not all readers may be familiar with Scots.
Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study by Martina Häcker