By Fred Singleton
There are few international locations in Europe which include inside a space as small because the British Isles one of these number of ordinary environments and cultures as Yugoslavia. This publication offers a survey of the background of the South Slav peoples who got here jointly on the finish of the 1st global conflict to shape the 1st Yugoslav state, and who emerged from the chaos of the second one global struggle to turn into voters of a socialist federal republic, led through the Communist get together less than the management of Marshal Tito. starting in Roman instances, the publication lines the increase and fall of the medieval Slav principalities, the dominance of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the proclamation of the dominion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, the disastrous results of the German profession and the production of a brand new socialist order lower than President Tito.
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Additional info for A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples
It was used to print religious texts in Cyrillic charac- The early Slav kingdoms 31 ters and was able to function even during the period of Turkish overlordship after 1499, when Cetinje was incorporated into the sandzak of Skadar. Bosnia-Hercegovina The inhabitants of this area of the interior of modern Yugoslavia never had the same clearly defined national identity in the Middle Ages as the Serbs and Croats. This may partly be explained by the geographical circumstances. On the west the present-day boundary between Bosnia and the Dalmatian region of Croatia corresponds roughly to the historic boundaries of Roman Dalmatia, and later of the Venetian and Ottoman empires.
Serbia became an independent kingdom in 1882, after a struggle which began with Karadjordje's revolt in 1804. Montenegro trebled its area at Turkey's expense by the Treaty of San Stefano in 1878, but the treaty was never ratified, and the Congress of Berlin a few months later forced Montenegro to surrender some of its gains. At the same time Bosnia-Hercegovina came under Austro-Hungarian occupation, and Turkey's waning power in the lands of the South Slavs was confined to Macedonia. In the Habsburg lands Slav nationalism assumed different forms from those it displayed in the Ottoman empire, but it eventually had the same disruptive force in challenging the five-hundred-year-old supremacy of the imperial institutions.
Some modern Macedonian historians see Bogomilism as a reaction by oppressed Macedonian serfs against the imposition of feudalism by the Bulgarian emperors Simeon and Peter. Taken from this viewpoint, the priest Bogomil who roused the people of the village of Bogomila on the slopes of the Babuna mountain above Prilep was a revolutionary who found a ready response from the oppressed peasantry when he denounced the system. There were, certainly, revolutionary implications in the Bogomil heresy, implications 20 The early Slav settlers which both Church and state authorities recognised as the heresy spread into Serbia, Bosnia-Hercegovina and even Dalmatia during the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples by Fred Singleton