By John Joseph Saunders
Are usually not the phrases "Medieval Islam" a redundancy? while has Islam ever now not been "Medieval"? for instance, that will learn the heritage of the "Dark Ages", you may examine eighth and ninth century Europe, otherwise you may possibly examine any Arab kingdom at the present time that is guided through Islamic principles.
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Additional info for A History of Medieval Islam
The Muslims were reassured by a revelation that Uhud was at once a divine punishment for their sins and failings and a test of their faith 28 THE PROPHET and steadfastness in adversity. To occupy their minds with other things, the Prophet struck a fresh blow at the Jews, this time at the Banu Nadir, who were ordered to quit Medina within ten days on pain of death. After a brief resistance, the clan gave in, and was permitted to depart for Khaibar, seventy miles to the north, with as much property as they could load upon their camels.
He travelled with a cavalcade of two thousand men; the Kuraish retired to the hills as the Prophet re-entered the city from which he had fled more than six years before; he performed his devotions at the Kaaba, and after instructing the Abyssinian negro Bilal, who regularly filled this office at Medina, to summon the Muslims to worship from the roof of the temple, he conducted a service of prayer and thanksgiving. al-As, the future conqueror of Egypt. Tradition recounts that Muhammad had already sent messengers to kings and rulers within his ken urging them to embrace Islam: the kings of Axum and Persia, the governor of Egypt, even the emperor Heraclius himself, are said to have been among the recipients.
Did he now envisage Islam as a universal faith, something more than the national religion of the Arabs? Haritha, was despatched to the Syrian border and was cut to pieces by Roman frontier guards at Mu’ta, a village on the slopes of Hawran. The object of this raid is obscure: perhaps it was designed to secure the submission of the local Arab tribes and unexpectedly ran into a Roman border patrol. At all events, it was the opening shot in the conflict between Christendom and Islam which was to rage throughout the centuries.
A History of Medieval Islam by John Joseph Saunders