Read e-book online 5000 Years of Geometry: Mathematics in History and Culture PDF

By Christoph J. Scriba, Peter Schreiber, Jana Schreiber

ISBN-10: 3034808976

ISBN-13: 9783034808972

The current quantity presents a desirable evaluate of geometrical principles and perceptions from the earliest cultures to the mathematical and inventive thoughts of the twentieth century. it's the English translation of the third version of the well-received German e-book “5000 Jahre Geometrie,” during which geometry is gifted as a series of advancements in cultural background and their interplay with structure, the visible arts, philosophy, technological know-how and engineering.

Geometry originated within the historic cultures alongside the Indus and Nile Rivers and in Mesopotamia, experiencing its first “Golden Age” in historic Greece. encouraged by means of the Greek arithmetic, a brand new germ of geometry blossomed within the Islamic civilizations. in the course of the Oriental effect on Spain, this data later unfold to Western Europe. the following, as a part of the medieval Quadrivium, the certainty of geometry was once deepened, resulting in a revival through the Renaissance. including parallel achievements in India, China, Japan and the traditional American cultures, the ecu methods shaped the tips and branches of geometry we all know within the sleek age: coordinate equipment, analytical geometry, descriptive and projective geometry within the seventeenth an 18th centuries, axiom platforms, geometry as a conception with a number of constructions and geometry in computing device sciences within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Each bankruptcy of the publication starts off with a desk of key ancient and cultural dates and ends with a precis of crucial contents of geometry within the respective period. Compelling examples invite the reader to extra discover the issues of geometry in old and sleek times.

The ebook will entice mathematicians drawn to Geometry and to all readers with an curiosity in cultural history.

From letters to the authors for the German language edition

I desire it will get a translation, as there isn't any similar work.

Prof. J. Grattan-Guinness (Middlesex college London)

"Five Thousand Years of Geometry" - i believe it's the such a lot good-looking e-book i've got ever obvious from Springer and the inclusion of such a lot of colour plates quite improves its visual appeal dramatically!

Prof. J.W. Dauben (City collage of recent York)

An very good publication in each recognize. The authors have effectively mixed the background of geometry with the final improvement of tradition and heritage. …

The picture layout is additionally excellent.

Prof. Z. Nádenik (Czech Technical collage in Prague)


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Additional resources for 5000 Years of Geometry: Mathematics in History and Culture

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9): Each of the five diagonals (of length d0 ) of the initial pentagon run parallel to one side (s0 ), and internally they form a new regular pentagon, the diagonals of which (of length d1 ) also take the same five directions. Consequently, CDED and AC A D are two rhombi (varying in size), each with four equal sides. , ED , has the length of a side s0 of the initial pentagon, whereas the smaller section has the same length as a diagonal d1 of the inner pentagon. Since the smaller section of d0 is identical to side s1 of the inner pentagon, anthyphairesis takes its course as d0 − s0 = d1 < s0 , s0 − d1 = s1 < d1 , d1 − s1 = d2 < s1 , s1 − d2 = s2 < d2 , d2 − s2 = d3 < s2 , ....

An old Babylonian text published by Otto Neugebauer and Abraham Sachs in 1945 was long taken to be particularly remarkable. 2 Old river valley civilisations 23 Illus. 11 Plimpton 322; Old Mesopotamian text in cuneiform (Plimpton Library, Columbia University, New York). The text contains a list of right-angled triangles with integer sides h, w and d. A few columns on the left have broken off. The second and third column feature width w and the diagonal (hypotenuse) d in integers. The last column specifies the ongoing row numbering.

He accomplished a systematic construction of quadratic irrationalities (‘Elements’, Book X) and, based on this, the existential proof of the five regular (or Platonic) solids (‘Elements’, Book XIII, wherein it is also proven that there cannot be more than five of these solids). 46 2 Geometry in the Greek-Hellenistic era and late Antiquity Aristotle (384–322) assigned mathematics a central role in science too, even if his opinion on the nature of mathematics differs greatly from the Platonic. He defended the view that mathematical objects are obtained by abstraction from perception.

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5000 Years of Geometry: Mathematics in History and Culture by Christoph J. Scriba, Peter Schreiber, Jana Schreiber

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